The Company and its Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|Company And Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|The Company and its significant accounting policies||
NOTE 1 —The Company and its significant accounting policies
Description of Business —Sonim Technologies, Inc. (“Sonim”, “we”, “our”, or the “Company”) was incorporated in the state of Delaware on August 5, 1999 and is headquartered in Austin, Texas. The Company is a leading U.S. provider of ultra-rugged mobile phones and accessories designed specifically for task workers physically engaged in their work environments, often in mission-critical roles.
We currently sell our ruggedized mobility solutions to several of the largest wireless carriers in the United States— including AT&T, T-Mobile and Verizon—as well as the three largest wireless carriers in Canada—Bell, Rogers and Telus Mobility. Due to the acquisition of Sprint by T-Mobile, the Company’s current generation of products sold to Sprint/T-Mobile will be phased out. The Company is actively working to develop a new series of products for T-Mobile. Our phones and accessories connect workers with voice, data and workflow applications in two end markets: industrial enterprise and public sector.
The Company is closely monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 global outbreak and its resulting impact on its manufacturing operations and supply chain, with its top priority being the health and safety of our employees, customers, partners, and communities.
The Company believes sales partners have sufficient inventory to continue meeting customer needs in the near term. However, demand for the Company’s solutions may be reduced as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak and resulting market uncertainty. It also remains possible that the Company’s results could be negatively impacted by interruptions in the global supply chain due to the continued and unpredictable spread of this pandemic. The magnitude of any future impact of the COVID-19 outbreak is unknown. The Company is working closely with its partners and suppliers to manage through this
Restrictions on travel and the imposition of stay-at-home or work remote conditions have impacted our operations and those of our customers. The Company has effective communications and collaboration tools in place to ensure business continuity during periods requiring remote operation. While we have not experienced major disruptions, our ability to interact with customers has been impacted by the current environment. There is a risk that our inability to meet in-person with current or prospective customers, as well as the cancellation or postponement of Company-sponsored events or third-party events at which our products are featured, may have a negative impact on our business.
Liquidity – The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements account for the continuation of its business due primarily to approximately $25 million in net proceeds from the Company’s public offering of common stock that closed June 2020 and redemption of approximately $10 million of note payable in June 2020. The Company believes that the proceeds from the foregoing capital raise has provided the Company with sufficient funds to continue operations for at least the next twelve months.
Our principal sources of liquidity as of September 30, 2020 consist of existing cash and cash equivalents totaling $31.7 million, which includes approximately $25 million in net proceeds from our June 2020 public offering of common stock. Although we remain subject to the risks and uncertainties associated with the development and release of new products, among others, we believe our operations have been streamlined to enable us to conduct business more effectively and efficiently despite near term economic uncertainty.
On April 13, 2020, the Company received approximately $2.3 million in loan proceeds from the Payroll Protections Program (the “PPP”) administered by the United States Small Business Administrations (the “SBA”). The PPP was established under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). Following further guidance from the SBA on April 23, 2020 and further deliberation by the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Board of Directors”), the Company repaid the PPP Loan on April 29, 2020.
The Company may seek to raise additional capital from the sale of equity securities or the incurrence of indebtedness to allow it to invest in growth opportunities. There can be no assurance that additional financing will be available to the Company on acceptable terms, or at all. Additionally, if the Company issues additional equity securities to raise funds, whether to existing investors or others, the ownership percentage of its existing stockholders would be reduced. New investors may demand rights, preferences, or privileges senior to those of existing holders of common stock. Additionally, the Company may be limited as to the amount of funds it can raise pursuant to SEC rules and the continued listing requirements of Nasdaq. In addition, global financial crises and economic downturns, including those caused by widespread public health crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may cause extreme volatility and disruptions in capital and credit markets, and may impact the Company’s ability to raise additional capital when needed on acceptable terms, if at all. If the Company cannot grow its revenue run-rate or raise needed funds, it might be forced to make substantial reductions in its operating expenses, which could adversely affect its ability to implement its business plan and ultimately its viability as a Company.
Financial Statement Presentation—The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial information. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, which reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring items or items discussed herein) that management believes necessary to fairly state results of interim operations, should be read in conjunction with the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (including the Significant Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements) included in the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019. Results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual results of operations. The unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet at, December 31, 2019 is extracted from the audited annual consolidated financial statements and does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements.
Principles of Consolidation — The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Sonim Technologies. Inc. and its wholly owned foreign subsidiaries, Sonim Technologies Spain SL, Sonim Technologies India Private Limited, Sonim Technologies (Shenzhen) Limited, Sonim Technologies (Hong Kong) Limited, Sonim Technologies (Canada), Inc. and Sonim Communications India Private Limited. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Estimates —The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. These estimates include, but are not limited to, estimates related to revenue recognition; valuation assumptions regarding the determination of the fair value of common stock, the useful lives of our long-lived assets; product warranties; loss contingencies; and the recognition and measurement of income tax assets and liabilities, including uncertain tax positions. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the worldwide spread of the COVID-19 pandemic is expected to result in a global slowdown of economic activity, which is likely to decrease demand for a broad variety of goods and services, including from the Company’s customers, while also disrupting sales channels and marketing activities for an unknown period of time until the disease is contained. The Company expects this to have a negative impact on its ability to make estimates. These estimates may change, as new events occur and additional information is obtained, and are recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements as soon as they become known. Actual results could differ from those estimates and any such differences may be material to the Company’s financial statements.
Significant accounting policies — Other than the adoption of new accounting standards in New Accounting Pronouncements describes in the note below. There have been no material changes in the accounting policies from those disclosed in the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Revenue Recognition — The Company adopted the requirements of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), effective January 1, 2019, using the modified retrospective method. Under the modified retrospective method, this guidance is applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2019. Refer to New Accounting Pronouncements, Pronouncements adopted in 2019, for a discussion of the effect of the adoption of Topic 606.
The Company recognizes revenue primarily from the sale of products, including our mobile phones and accessories. The Company also recognizes revenue from other contractual arrangements that may include a combination of products and Non-Recurring Engineering (“NRE”) services or from the provision of solely NRE services.
Revenue recognition incorporates discounts, price protection and customer incentives. In addition to cooperative marketing and other incentive programs, the Company has arrangements with several distributors, which allow for price protection and limited rights of return, generally through stock rotation programs. Under the price protection programs, the Company gives distributors credits for the difference between the original price paid and the Company’s then current price. Under the stock rotation programs, certain distributors are able to exchange certain products based on the number of qualified purchases made during the period.
The Company’s handsets typically require a technical approval process. This process entails design and configuration activities required to conform the Company’s devices to a wireless carrier customer’s specific network requirement. Each wireless carrier defines its own specific functional requirements and certification process in order for the product to be ready for manufacture. While the technical approval process does involve some level of customization, in addition to design and configuration, the Company does not charge separately and is not reimbursed for these activities to the extent that they do not involve significant customization and does not incur these costs in advance of entering into binding agreements with its wireless carrier customers. Such technical approval is obtained prior to shipment.
Under Topic 606, revenue is recognized when control of promised goods or services is transferred to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for its arrangements, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. See Note 2, Revenue Recognition, for additional information.
The 2020 Offering (“PO”) —On June 9, 2020, the Company completed an underwritten public offering (“PO’) in which the Company sold 36,800,000 shares of its common stock, at a price to the public of $0.75 per share. The offer and sale of the shares in the PO were registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-238869), which was declared effective by the SEC on June 4, 2020. The Company raised approximately $25,056 in net proceeds, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $1,656 and offering expenses of approximately $719. Offering costs, which consist of direct incremental legal, consulting, banking and accounting fees relating to the Company’s PO, are offset against proceeds from the PO within stockholders’ equity.
Initial Public Offering (“IPO”) —On May 14, 2019, the Company completed an initial public offering (“IPO’) in which the Company sold 3,571,429 shares of its common stock, at a price to the public of $11.00 per share. The offer and sale of the shares in the IPO were registered under the Securities Act pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-230887), which was declared effective by the SEC on May 9, 2019 and the Company’s common stock began trading on -the Nasdaq -Global Market on May 10, 2019. On May 22, 2019, the Company sold an additional 505,714 shares of common stock, and its Chief Executive Officer sold 30,000 shares of common stock, at a price to the public of $11.00 per share pursuant to the exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares. The Company raised approximately $36,849 in net proceeds, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $3,139 and offering expenses paid by us of approximately $4,861 . Offering costs, which consisted of direct incremental legal, consulting, banking and accounting fees relating to the Company’s IPO, were offset against proceeds from the IPO within stockholders’ equity. As of December 31, 2018, there was $63 of deferred offering costs within other non-current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, $4,798 in deferred offering costs were incurred and charged to additional paid in capital. $331 issuance cost was unpaid and charged to accounts payable/accrued expenses as of September 30, 2019.
New accounting pronouncements:
Pronouncements adopted in 2019:
The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies. Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies are required to adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s consolidated financial statements with another public company that, is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company that has opted out of using the extended transition period, difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.
As discussed above, the Company adopted Topic 606 under the modified retrospective method effective January 1, 2019. The adoption of Topic 606 did not materially impact the Company’s timing and measurement of revenue recognition as compared to the prior Topic 605 guidance, however, resulted in a cumulative effect adjustment of $3,115, net of the associated income tax effect of $215, to reduce the opening accumulated deficit as of January 1, 2019 relating to the capitalization of certain non-recurring engineering costs that were incurred to fulfill contracts pursuant to Subtopic 340-40, Other Assets and Deferred Costs, which were previously expensed. In addition, the Company identified approximately $770 of deferred revenue as contract liabilities.
The guidance permitted two methods of adoption, the full retrospective method applying the standard to each prior reporting period presented, or the modified retrospective method with a cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application. The standard also allows entities to apply certain practical expedients at their discretion. The Company adopted the standard using the modified retrospective method with a cumulative adjustment and provided additional disclosures comparing results to previous U.S. GAAP in Note 2. We applied the new revenue standards only to contracts not completed as of the date of initial application, referred to as open contracts.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) – Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies eight specific cash flow issues in an effort to reduce diversity in practice in how certain transactions are classified within the statement of cash flows. This ASU is effective for nonpublic business entities beginning after December 15, 2019 with early adoption permitted. We applied this new standard as of the effective date and believe there is no significant impact.
Pronouncements not yet adopted:
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (ASU 2019-12), which simplifies the accounting for income taxes. The amendments in this ASU simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles of ASC 740 in order to reduce cost and complexity of its application. The ASU removes the exception related to the incremental approach for intra-period tax allocation as well as two exceptions related to account for outside basis differences of equity method investments and foreign subsidiaries. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2021 with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of the new standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820)—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The ASU eliminates certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements for all entities and modifies some disclosure requirements. This ASU is effective for nonpublic entities beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating this new standard and the impact it will have on its presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), as amended, which requires lessees to recognize a liability associated with obligations to make payments under the terms of the arrangement in addition to a right-of-use asset representing the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of the given asset assumed under the lease. The standard will be effective for nonpublic business entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2021. The Company is currently evaluating this new standard and the impact it will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements, information technology systems, process, and internal controls.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef