Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

NOTE 9 —Income Taxes

In determining quarterly provisions for income taxes, the Company uses the annual estimated effective tax rate applied to the actual year-to-date profit or loss, adjusted for discrete items arising in that quarter. The Company’s annual estimated effective tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily as a result of state taxes, foreign taxes, and changes in the Company’s valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets. For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded provisions for income taxes of $180, and $457, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded provisions for income taxes of $363, and $752, respectively.

On March 27, 2020, the President signed into law the CARES Act, an economic stimulus package in response to the COVID-19 global pandemic. The CARES Act contains several corporate income tax provisions of which only the acceleration of timing of tax refunds for minimum tax credits apply to the Company.  As a result of the CARES Act, the Company reclassified $68 of minimum tax credits from a non-current asset to a current asset as of March 31, 2020.

On December 22, 2017, President Trump signed into law the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Tax Act), which significantly changes existing U.S. tax laws, including a reduction in the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, a move from a worldwide tax system to a territorial system, as well as other changes. Beginning in 2018, the Company became subject to the global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) provisions of the Tax Act on the income of the Company’s foreign subsidiary.  The Company’s foreign subsidiaries are profitable during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and forecast profits for all of 2020.  The GILTI subjects the income of the foreign subsidiaries to U.S. taxation.  The Company’s accounting policy related to the GILTI is to treat GILTI related book/tax differences as period costs and to use the incremental cash tax savings approach in evaluating the Company’s U.S. net operating loss valuation allowance assessment.

The Company's income tax returns are subject to examinations by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities in various jurisdictions.  In accordance with the guidance on the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes, the Company regularly assesses the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of its provision for income taxes.  These assessments can require considerable estimates and judgments.  As of June 30, 2020, the gross amount of unrecognized tax benefits was approximately $7,000.  If the Company's estimate of income tax liabilities proves to be less than the ultimate assessment, then a further charge to expense would be required.  If events occur and the payment of these amounts ultimately proves to be unnecessary, the reversal of the liabilities would result in tax benefits being recognized in the period when the Company determines the liabilities are no longer necessary.  The Company does not anticipate any material changes to its uncertain tax positions during the next twelve months.

Sonim Technologies (Shenzhen) Limited was notified of a tax inquiry by the Shenzhen Tax Bureau Bao’an Branch of the State Administration of Taxation on June 18, 2020 for both the 2017 and 2019 tax years.  We have met with the Shenzhen Tax Bureau Bao’an Branch of the State Administration of Taxation and are cooperating with the audit.  The Company has been recording an uncertain tax position long-term tax lability plus interest for such a potential claim by Shenzhen Bao’an Branch of the State Administration of Taxation and, as such, will not record an adjustment to the uncertain tax position liability related to this inquiry as of June 30, 2020.